Current track



Franklin’s Legacy – Sources


Episode 1:


Collins, James Fuji. “Growing Up Bicultural in the United States: The Case of

Japanese-Americans.” in Ruthellen Josselson, and Michele Harway (eds), Navigating 

Multiple Identities: Race, Gender, Culture, Nationality, and Roles. United Kingdom:

Oxford University Press, USA, 2012.

Downey, Cheyenne, and Aoife Crummy. “The Impact of Childhood Trauma on Children’s

Wellbeing and Adult Behavior.” European Journal of Trauma & Dissociation 6, no. 1

(February 1, 2022): 100237.

Harrington, Ann M. “Women and Higher Education in the Japanese Empire (1895-1945)”

Journal of Asian History 21, no. 2 (1987): 169–86.

Henderson, Timothy J. “Review of One Mighty and Irresistible Tide: The Epic Struggle Over

American Immigration, 1924–1965, by Jia Lynn Yang.” Journal of Arizona History 62,

  1. 2 (2021): 290-293.

Helm, Leslie. Yokohama Yankee: My Family’s Five Generations as Outsiders in Japan. United

States: Chin Music Press, 2013.

Hunt, Rockwell D., “California and the Japanese Question.” Overland Monthly and Out West

Magazine (1868-1935); May 1925; VOLUME LXXXIII, NUMBER 5 In the American


Institute of Medicine (US) Committee for the Study of Health Consequences of the Stress of

Bereavement. Bereavement: Reactions, Consequences, and Care. Edited by Marian Osterweis, Fredric Solomon, and Morris Green. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US), 1984.

Irwin, Yukiko, Autobiography (unpublished draft manuscript, ca. 1994), Irwin Family Papers,                  The Irwin Trust.

Japan Times, “President Geary Denies Strike at Nipponophone,” The Japan Times, July 22,      1927, 1.

Japan Times, “Foreign Resident Ends Own Life,” The Japan Times, April 14, 1928, 3.

Kich, George Kitahara. “Eurasians: Ethnic/Racial Identity Development of Biracial

Japanese/White Adults.” Ph.D., The Wright Institute. Accessed April 10, 2024.

Kim, Elaine. Asian American Literature: An Introduction to the Writings and Their Social 

Context. United States: Temple University Press, 1984.

Kusano, Atsuko T., and Karolyn Sewell. “The Japanese University Accreditation

Association and Dr. Lulu Holmes -1946-1948- One Historical Aspect on the

Founding of New Universities for Women in Japan after World War II.” Journal of Home EconomicsJapan vol. 44, no. 3 (1993): 173-184.

Leupp, Gary P. Interracial Intimacy in Japan: Western Men and Japanese Women, 1543-1900.

United Kingdom: Continuum, 2003.

Motoyoshi, Michelle M. “The Experience of Mixed-Race People: Some Thoughts and

Theories,” The Journal of Ethnic Studies, 18, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 77–93.

New York Times. “Marian Osterhout, Physiologist, Dead” The New York Times, May 12, 1973, sec. Archives.

Thomson, James C., Peter W. Stanley, and John C. Perry. Sentimental Imperialists: The 

American Experience in East Asia. N.p.: Harper & Row. 1981.

Tonai, Rosalyn. “A Short History of the Japanese American Experience.” U.S.-Japan Women’s 

Journal. English Supplement, no. 2 (1992): 28–39.

University of Pittsburg Department of Psychiatry. “In Longest and Most Detailed Study of

Pediatric Grief Following Parental Loss to Date, Department Researchers Find Increased

Rates of Depression and Functional Impairment.” University of Pittsburgh Department of Psychiatry, November 16, 2018.

“U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012”; School Name: Indiana University; Year: 1954 U.S., School Yearbooks, 1900-2016 [database online]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010.

Yang, Jia Lynn. One Mighty and Irresistible Tide: The Epic Struggle Over American 

Immigration, 1924-1965. United Kingdom: WW Norton, 2020.


Episode 2:

“Iki Takechi Irwin (1857-1940) – Find a Grave…” Find a Grave, Accessed 7 May 2024.

Irwin, Yukiko, Autobiography (unpublished draft manuscript, ca. 1994), Irwin Family Papers, The Irwin Trust.

Ono, Philbert. “Part 1: Hawaiian Minister to Japan.” Discover Nikkei, 11 Oct. 2020,

Penn Forum on Japan. “‘Robert W. Irwin: Between Philadelphia and Meiji’ Masako Hamada (Villanova University).” Penn Forum on Japan, Accessed 7 May 2024. “Revival of Expansionism in the 1840s.” Establishing Borders: The Expansion of the United

States, 1846-48, mplex%20mix%20of%20political,on%20the%20continent%20as%20possible. Accessed 7 May 2024.

“Treaty of Kanagawa.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 24 Mar. 2024,

“The United States and the Opening to Japan, 1853.” U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of State,

%201853%2C%20American,Japan%20and%20the%20western%20world. Accessed 7

May 2024.

Episode 3:

Japan: An illustrated encyclopedia. America: Kodansha, 1993.

Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1983.

Irwin, Yukiko, Autobiography (unpublished draft manuscript, ca. 1994), Irwin Family Papers,     The Irwin Trust.

Miss Sophia Arabella Irwin’s Kindergarten and Kindergarten Training School (Tokio, Japan, 1924). Fundraising pamphlet directed at American donors. Irwin Family Papers, The Irwin Trust.

Episode 4:

Cook, Haruko Taya, and Theodore Failor Cook. Japan at War: An Oral History. New York: New Press, 1992.

Gibney, Frank. Sensō: The Japanese Remember the Pacific War : Letters to the Editor of Asahi Shimbun. Expanded ed. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 2007.

Havens, Thomas R. H. Valley of Darkness: The Japanese People and World War Two. New York: Norton, 1978.

Irwin, Yukiko. Unpublished Autobiography Manuscript. Irwin Family Archives, 1994. The Irwin Trust.

Kerr, E. Bartlett. Flames over Tokyo: The U.S. Army Air Forces’ Incendiary Campaign Against Japan, 1944-1945. New York: D.I. Fine, 1991.

Knaefler, Tomi K. Our House Divided: Seven Japanese American Families in World War II. University of Hawaii Press, 2021.

Porter, Edgar A., and Ran Ying Porter. Japanese Reflections on World War II and the American Occupation. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2017.

Shillony, Ben-Ami. “Universities and Students in Wartime Japan.” The Journal of Asian Studies 45, no. 4 (1986): 769-787.

Yamashita, Samuel Hideo. Leaves from an Autumn of Emergencies: Selections from the Wartime Diaries of Ordinary Japanese. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2005.

Yamashita, Samuel Hideo. Daily Life in Wartime Japan, 1940-1945. University Press of Kansas, 2015.


Episode 5:

Dower, John W. Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Aftermath of World War II. Penguin, 2000.

Irwin, Yukiko, Autobiography (unpublished draft manuscript, ca. 1994), Irwin Family Papers, The Irwin Trust.

Irwin, Yukiko Franklin no Kajitsu (Fruits of Franklin) (Tokyo: Bungei Shunju,1988 ), 91-94 and 113-121.  (Translation by Professor Masako Hamada).

MacKay, A. Roy. “Department of State Letter.” Received by Yukiko Irwin, New York, NY. Irwin Family Papers, the Irwin Trust.

Miller, Jennifer M. Cold War Democracy — Accessed 10 Apr. 2024.

Nishimura, Sey. “Promoting Health in American-Occupied Japan. Resistance to Allied Public Health Measures, 1945-1952.” American Journal of Public Health, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Aug. 2009,

Perry, John Curtis. Beneath the Eagle’s Wings: Americans in Occupied Japan. Dodd, Mead, 1980.

Smethurst, Richard. “The Allied Occupation of Japan: 1945-52.” Japan, University of Pittsburg, Accessed 8 May 2024.

Thomson, James Claude, et al. Sentimental Imperialists, Harper & Row, New York, 1981.

Episode 6:

Diggs, Nancy Brown. Steel Butterflies: Japanese Women and the American Experience. State University of New York Press, 1998.

Engelen, T., & Wolf, A. P. (2005). Marriage and the family in Eurasia: Perspectives on the Hajnal hypothesis. Aksant ; Distributed in North America by Transaction Publishers.

Irwin, Yukiko, Autobiography (unpublished draft manuscript, ca. 1994), Irwin Family Papers, The Irwin Trust.

Episode 7:

Irwin, Yukiko. Autobiography (unpublished draft manuscript, ca. 1994). Irwin Family Papers, The Irwin Trust.

“Is Dual Citizenship Allowed in the United States?” Legal Language Blog. Accessed May 8, 2024.

Landrigan, Leslie. “Rebekah Harkness, the Scorned Socialite of Watch Hill, R.I.” New England Historical Society, October 30, 2023.

Whorton, James. “Countercultural Healing: A Brief History of Alternative Medicine in the United States.” Frontline: The Alternative Fix, November 4, 2003.